Jan 13, 2014 Automation Engineering, Automation Engineering, BBA, Beijing, Civil Engineering, Communication Engineering, Communication Engineering, Computer Engineering, Computer Engineering, Engineering, Environmental Engineering, Environmental Engineering, Industry and Business Administration, Information Technology, Information Technology, International Economics, International Economics, International Finance, International Finance, International Trade, International Trade, Laws, Marketing, Marketing, MBA, Tourism, Tourism 0
|University Tier:||National Project 985|
|Accommodation:||AB Room/Double Room/Singel Room|
|Key program:||Engineering, Computer, Trade and Finance|
|Admission online rating:|
|Address:||Tsinghua University, Haidian District, Beijing|
|Computer Engineering||Chinese||4 years||30,000|
|International Economics||Chinese||4 years||30,000|
|Environmental Enginering||Chinese||4 years||30,000|
|International Finance||Chinese||4 years||30,000|
|Industry and Business Administration||Chinese||4 years||30,000|
|International Trade||Chinese||4 years||30,000|
|Automation Engineering||Chinese||4 years||30,000|
|Information Technology||Chinese||4 years||30,000|
|Communication Engineering||Chinese||4 years||30,000|
|Civil Engineering||Chinese||4 years||30,000|
|Computer Engineering||Chinese||3 years||75,000|
|International Economics||Chinese||3 years||75,000|
|Environmental Enginering||Chinese||3 years||75,000|
|International Finance||Chinese||3 years||75,000|
|International Trade||Chinese||3 years||75,000|
|Automation Engineering||Chinese||3 years||75,000|
|Information Technology||Chinese||3 years||75,000|
|Communication Engineering||Chinese||3 years||75,000|
The Tsinghua University is globally regarded as a high temple of engineering and other sciences, and is often dubbed the ‘MIT of China’. Established at Beijing in 1911, the campus of the university, which is also often called THU in short, is spread over an area of 980 acres (395 hectares). Its administrative staff is 4,011 while its academic staff numbers 3,133. The number of undergraduate students is 15, 184 and that of the postgraduates is 16, 524. The university is affiliated to AEARU, APRU, and C9. The motto of Tsinghua University in English is ‘Self-discipline and Social Commitment’. Its mission is to focus on “academic excellence, the well-being of the Chinese society and to global development”. Its representative flowers are 395 hectares while its colors are white and pink. Its website is Tsinghua.edu.cn. The university has been consistently ranked by both national and international rating agencies as one of the top seats of advance learning in China. Widely recognized as a prominent research institution of the country, it is one of the nine members of the prestigious C9 League of universities of the country.
NOMENCLATURE: When it was established, this institution was known as the ‘Tsinghua College’. Since then in 1911, it has been rechristened several times. For instance, just a year after its inception, it was renamed Tsinghua School’; then to ‘National Tsinghua University three years later in 1928, i.e., three years after the foundation of the university wing of the institution in 1925.
The establishment of the Tsinghua College in Beijing on April 29, 1911, is inextricably connected with the fallout of the Boxer Rebellion and the reduction of the indemnity to the US Government by the then ruling Qing Dynasty in China. The protection cover was cut down from US $30 million to US $10 million following US Secretary of State John Hay suggesting to the Congress that the original rate was rather high. After a number of negotiations, American President Theodore Roosevelt was successful in obtaining the Congressional nod in 1909. However, a condition was also slapped on to the reduction approval, according to which the spillover fund was to be utilized as scholarship for Chinese scholars intending to study in the United States of America (USA). It was with the backup of this fund that the Ts Tsinghua College ((清華學堂; Qīnghuá Xuétáng) was set up on the site of a garden that belonged to a Chinese prince in Beijing. Thus, the newly established educational institution served as a preparatory school for the aspiring Chinese students with a dream to pursue further studies in their respective areas in the USA. The YMCA (Young Men Christian Association) recruited the faculty members for sciences for the college. The graduates of Tsinghua College got direct admission as juniors into various American schools.
The institution’s college section was set up in 1925. That very year, a research institute on Chinese Studies was also added to the College. Three years thence in 1928, the name of the institution was changed to ‘National Tsing Hua University’ (NTHU). In 1937, when World War II was in full swing, the Tsinghua University was merged with two other Chinese universities (the Nankai University and the Peking University) to constitute a new entity by the name of Changsa Temporary University in Changsa. It was subsequently rechristened ‘National Southwestern Associated University’ in Kunming of the Yunnan Province of China. After the end of the War in 1945, Tsinghua University returned to Beijing from which it continued its operations.
When the People’s Republic of China (PRC) was formed in 1949 at the end of the Chinese Civil War following the Communist Revolution, the president of Tsinghua University, Mei Yi-Qi, and a large number of its faculty members fled to Taiwan and established the National Tsing Hua Institute of Nuclear Technology there in 1955. It later came to be known as the National Tsing Hua University of Taiwan.
Largely influenced by the then Soviet system of higher education network and plan, the Chinese Government undertook an ambitious massive plan to rearrange the country’s higher education sector in 1952. It was basically meant to allow a particular university to have specialization on a definite field of study. Another watershed in the country was the Cultural Revolution of 1966 when a significant section of the Chinese students left their classrooms with many among them joining the Red Guards. The fallout was disastrous for Tsinghua University and the authorities were compelled to close it down. It was only when the Cultural Revolution ended in 1978 that the university gradually came into operation. Since 1980, the university started incorporating a multidisciplinary scheme whereby a number of schools were re-incorporated. These were (in an alphabetical order) the Academy of Arts and Design, the School of Economics and Management, the School of Humanities and Social Sciences, the School of Life Sciences, the School of Public Policy and Management, the School of Sciences, and the Tsinghua Law School.
A good number of the students from Tsinghua University have been consistently clearing the National College Entrance Examinations with top grades. As per a report in 2008, out of 300 students 215 students scoring the top 10 in the 30 tested regions and provinces selected Tsinghua University while 21 of the 30 top scorers in each region and province chose this university. Again, a significant section of the brilliant scholars of the country are alumni of the university. The entrance to the entrance levels of the academic courses of the university are only through merit, and quite competitive.
ALUMNI: Among the alumni of Tsinghua are the General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party and Paramount Leader Xi Jinping. He graduated with a degree in chemical engineering in 1979. Mention can also be made of CPC General Secretary and former Paramount Leader Hu Jintao. He graduated with a degree in hydraulic engineering in 1964. Tsinghua has hosted the largest number of distinguished guest speakers than any other university of the world. The list includes Bill Clinton, Carlos Ghosn, Henry Kissinger, Henry Paulson, and Tony Blair, among others.
INFRASTRUCTURE: In 2003, Tsinghua University had 12 colleges with 48 departments; 41 research institutes; 35 research centers; besides 167 laboratories, including 15 national key laboratories. In September 2006, the Peking Union Medical College was rechristened ‘Peking Union Medical College’, Tsinghua University. Nevertheless, the Peking Union Medical College and Tsinghua University are two independent institutions.
The university offers 107 PhD programs, 139 master’s degree programs and 51 bachelor’s degree programs.
INTERNATIONAL TIEUPS: Tsinghua is the maiden Chinese university to offer a Master of Laws program in American law. It is via a cooperative venture with the Temple University Beasley School of Law. Tsinghua University is also a member of LAOTSE — an global network of principal universities in Asia and Europe. The University celebrates the Intellectual Property Summer Institute in cooperation with Franklin Pierce Law Center of Concord, New Hampshire, every year. It has its own publication department — the Tsinghua University Press.
The Schwarzman Scholars program comprising 200 selected scholars to annually work towards a one-year Master’s Degree in Public Policy, International Relations, Engineering, Economics & Business was announced in 2013. These researchers would live on the university campus at Schwarzman College, a residential college specifically built for the program. About 45% of the participants come from the U.S.A, 35% from the rest of the world while 20% from China.
Beijing was earlier known as Peking to the English. It is now the capital of China. One of the four great ancient capitals of China, Beijing is not only one of the political epicenters but also an educational and a cultural hub of the world. Besides this bustling second largest Chinese metropolis after Shanghai is also a principal commutation center. A network of routes – air, rail, and road – pass via this city. While the political capital of the People’s Republic of China is Beijing, the economic capitals of the country are Shanghai and Hong Kong. Beijing was also the venue of the 2008 Olympics Games.
Located at the northern edge of the North China Plain, Beijing is flanked by the sprawling fertile plains of the Chaobai River and the Yongding River in the south. The Bohai Sea is to its east while the Taihang Mountains are to its west. The widespread Inner Mongolian Plateau is to the northwest of Beijing.
CLIMATE & SEASONS
Spring in Beijing is characterized by its short duration and abrupt temperature changes. It falls between April and May. Beijing experiences Autumn between September and October. This is the ideal time to visit this wonderful mesmerizing city of the Red Dragon. the best bet during these seasons are light shorts or pants and T-shirts.
On the other hand, extremely cold winters and intense hot summers mark Beijing’s continental monsoon climate, a typical aspect of the North Temperate Zone. In January, the temperature of this city can drop down to lower than 5oF (lower than-10°) while around July, the temperature of this place can rise to more than 100 F (higher than 38°). The Chinese summers are as hot and humid as that of Washington DC. Try avoiding wearing shorts and use sunglasses. The summer season stretches from June to August. However, the average monthly temperature is above 24°C.
TRACING THE ROOTS
Beijing is a cultural cauldron with a varied and rich heritage that dates back to the days of yore. This fabulous oriental history is traced to some 3000 years ago when a primitive culture flourished in the region. It got the status of a capital city during the reign of the Liao Dynasty in the early part of the 10th century. The rulers of this regime made Beijing their secondary political capital for the first time in AD 900. Since then the following four dynasties also made Beijing their capital. They are the Jin Dynasty (AD 1115-1234), the Yuan Dynasty (AD 1271-1368), the Ming Dynasty (AD 1368-1644) and the Qing Dynasty (AD 1644-1919). The People’s Republic of China (founded on October 1, 1949) also made Beijing the capital.
Beijing is known for its variety of cuisine, the rich tradition of preserving fruits, designer items especially the watercolor block printing on wood known as Rongbaozhai, besides the exquisite mini carvings on stone and jade, jewellery, and artifacts, as well as the fine lacquer and filigree ware.
The moment the term ‘Beijing’ is pronounced, the first thought crossing one’s mind would be the world famous Beijing Duck. Much in demand for its delicate meat, this bird is fine bred in farms. Tourists flock Beijing eateries offering the Beijing duck in a roasted form. There are several restaurants specializing in this delicacy. These eateries prepare the duck in the traditional manner, and have been successful in preserving the unusual flavor. Once prepared, it is served dark brown with its skin crispy and the meat tasty and tender. Experience this wonderful gourmets’ delight!
The frozen king-size persimmon is one of the popular dry fruits of Beijing. Beijing and its suburbs are ideal for producing the best quality Liangxiang chestnuts, Jingbai pears and Miyun dates.
When in Beijing, try out the many mouthwatering Chinese cuisines available at the food stalls there. Actually, there are three primary schools of Chinese cuisine. Here they are in an alphabetical order: Guangdong, Jiangzhe, Shandong, and Sichuan. The other traditional cooking styles are the Guandong, Huaiyang, and Tanjin. The barbeques, the total lamb meal, and the complete fish dishes draw crowds.
Besides these, the other gastronomical delicacies include the local snacks and flavors, and the typical dishes prepared in the characteristic authentic Chinese cooking styles of Beijing, Henan, Hunan, and Shanxi. The very manner of the cooks preparing the dishes is eye catching!
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